Cervical mucus is produced by tiny glands in the cervix. It's a jelly like substance, resembling egg white. Due to changing estrogen hormone levels throughout your cycle, the volume and texture of your cervical mucus undergoes several recognizable changes. By recognizing these, ovulation can be accurately predicted.

Cervical mucus is necessary for conception due to its ability to help keep sperm alive for up to 5 days.

You can examine your cervical mucus using either your fingers or toilet paper. Below you will find an overview of the changes that will take place in your cervical mucus throughout your cycle.


After menstruation, there is a feeling of dryness. There will be no visible mucus or just a small amount of moisture. After about 3 - 5 days, more mucus will accumulate. The color will range from cloudy to white and the mucus will feel sticky.

Approaching Ovulation

As you approach ovulation, cervical mucus becomes much more abundant. There will be a moistness or stickiness to the mucus (like hand lotion). The color will range from white to cream-colored. The overall vaginal sensation is wet.

During Ovulation

The quantity of mucus will increase greatly as you enter your most fertile stage. The mucus will have the appearance of raw egg white. The texture will become increasingly slippery and stretchy. The overall sensation is extremely wet.

Following Ovulation

Cervical mucus now changes drastically due to the decrease in estrogen. The mucus will become sticky and cloudier, but less slippery. Your overall vaginal sensation will be dry at this time. The volume and texture of the cervical mucus will remain unchanged until the end of your monthly cycle.

Other Fertility Indicators

You may also consider observing Cervical Position and your Basal Body Temperature. Combined these 3 indicators are a powerful tool in indicating ovulation and fertility.